Articles Tagged with Theft Laws

In Arizona laws are in place that will result in criminal charges imposed on a person or business who knowing buys or sells stolen property that they know or should have known were stolen.

Laws were enacted as recently as January and March of 2012 that impose strict guidelines on businesses, particularly copper and metal buyers to register, index, report, and obtain proof of the originating source of the goods.

Failure to comply with the laws or to make a reasonable effort to find out the rightful owner of property they purchase from an entity may result in theft offense prosecution of the business owner or buyer of the stolen property.
A.R.S. § 13-1802. Theft; classification; definitions

A. Theft defined: A person commits theft if they unlawfully and knowingly:

• Control property of another knowing or having reason to know that the property was stolen; or
• Control another’s property with intent to deprive the other person of that property; or
• Gains control of property that was lost, misplaced, or delivered to the wrong addressee, belonging to another without making a reasonable effort to find or notify the real owner.

G. Classification:

Theft of property under $1,000.00 may be charged as a Misdemeanor. Theft of property with a value equal to $1,000.00 or are classified as Felonies. They range from Class 5 up to Class 2 depending on the value. The higher the monetary value the more serious the penalties.

If the item stolen is a firearm; or an animal stolen for the purpose of fighting, the charge will be classified as Class 6 Felonies even if the value is under $1,000.00
Theft Penalties

Convictions for first-time theft charges carry harsh penalties. The range from the low sentencing of six months in jail, and fines of up to $2,500.00 for a Class 1 Misdemeanor. Class 2 felony theft convictions expose a person to prison sentencing ranging from four to ten years.
All theft convictions may include court ordered counseling, community service, probation, restitution, costs, assessments; fees, and fines that can be exorbitant upwards to $150,000.

In the case of a Class 1 Misdemeanor theft first-offense, that involves a limited dollar value the offender may qualify to participate in a theft diversion program, in place of serving jail time.

Criminal Defense Theft Crimes Chandler AZ

If you were arrested for any type of theft crime you should consult a criminal defense attorney to discuss your matter and options for defense. If you have first offense Misdemeanor charges, with no criminal record, you may qualify for a diversion program. If you face felony theft charges or have been charged with a repeat offense, you should retain a private practice criminal attorney to defend you. They will protect your rights; defend your charges; and work to get a favorable resolution in your case.

Additional Theft Resources:

Arizona State Legislature – Theft Definition and Classification

Arizona State Legislature – Trafficking stolen property

Arizona Department of Public Safety – Vehicle Theft Task Force

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Metal Theft Charges

Copper is an example of a high demand Non-Ferrous metal, with comprehensive uses, and is more resistant to rust and corrosion, than many other types of metals. As a result, thefts of copper and copper cable have become such a widespread problem in Arizona that many law enforcement agencies are offering rewards for information leading to arrests. In additional Arizona has passed legislation in an attempt to combat the crimes which place more restrictions on the businesses purchasing the copper, and more harsh sentencing and penalties for copper theft convictions.

Arizona Metal Theft Laws: HB 2396, A.R.S. §44-1642, A.R.S. §44-1644
Arizona Law HB 2396 was passed March 21, 2012. This Law intended to increase penalties by amending ARS § 13 – 1801, and ARS § 13 – 1802 to delete term “scrap metal” from the definition of value. This change redefines the average Fair Market Value of copper in the local area; together with the repair or replacement value of any property from which the metal was removed during the theft. For sentencing purposes, this serves to increase the penalties for a copper theft conviction, since the value of stolen property is a major factor considered in Sentencing Guidelines and penalties. For example, If a person were convicted of stealing copper in the amount of $3,000 or more may be charged with a Class 4 felony, exposing a person to prison terms of 18 months to 3 years, which is more severe than if it were “scrap metal” stolen.

A.R.S. § 44-1642: Effective January 1, 2012, requires that all scrap metal businesses register to report their purchases by reporting them to a Scrap Metal Theft Data Base that indexes purchase records; transaction limits; age of seller; and exceptions’.

A.R.S. § 44-16442: Effective January 1, 2012, requires that all scrap metal businesses register to report their purchases to the department of public safety; exemption; violation; classification.

Criminal Defense for Copper Theft or other Theft Crimes

If you have been arrested or charged with theft of copper metal, copper cord, or any other theft crime, you may be exposed to felony charges and prison sentencing. The prosecution will egregiously pursue convictions. Laws have been enacted to increase sentencing and penalties for those offenses. You should contact an experienced criminal defense attorney to discuss your matter and options for defense. With proper legal representation, and you will increase your chances of avoiding prison terms, and harsh penalties of a conviction. An experienced criminal attorney will protect your rights, defend your charges, and make every effort to get a favorable resolution in your case.
Additional Resources:

Theft Definitions
Theft Classifications
Arizona HB 2396

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“How good defense Attorneys in Phoenix help you avoid self-incrimination after an arrest for Phoenix DUI or Criminal Charges”

Experienced Phoenix Criminal Lawyers may disagree on a variety of topics related to criminal defense. But one thing good criminal defense lawyers will always agree on, is that you preserve your “right to remain silent” and “your right to an attorney”.

Following your arrest for Phoenix DUI or criminal charges you should not agree to be interrogated or answer any questions regarding your guilt or innocence or any other facts surrounding the Phoenix Criminal or DUI charges, until and unless your Phoenix criminal defense lawyer or Phoenix DUI Attorney is present.

An arrest for Phoenix DUI or criminal charges is a traumatic ordeal. If you can remember nothing else, once you have been arrested or taken into custody, you must remember to “Remain Silent”. Do not agree to answer questions or to be interrogated about the criminal charges without your Phoenix Defense Attorney present. Following a Phoenix DUI arrest or arrest for any other Criminal Charges, you may feel that everything is out side of your control. But there are two things that will remain within your control, unless you voluntarily give up control or waive your rights:

1. Your Right to an Attorney; and
2. Your Right to Remain Silent
At the point that you are arrested, hand cuffed and taken into custody, the Phoenix Police have already made up their minds to arrest you and take you into custody. Beware, the police are taking notes of your every action and word. The Phoenix Police work closely with the Arizona Prosecution to get a conviction. So they will use whatever you do and against you if they can. There is no benefit to allowing yourself to be interrogated or questioned following your arrest or detention for the criminal or DUI charges. It can only detriment your defense. The Phoenix Police and Arizona Prosecution may appear to be sincere. They would like you to believe that their motive to “help” you in your defense. Not so – Don’t buy it. Their job is to convict you, not defend you.

You will make the Arizona Prosecution’s job easier to convict you of the crime if you allow yourself to be interrogated or questioned in absence of your Phoenix Defense Lawyer. The Police and Prosecution are elated when defendants give them narratives or allow themselves to be interrogated without their Phoenix defense attorney present following their arrest. Any information they obtain from you will be used to strengthen their case against you in order to get a conviction. You do not have to help them convict you.

Phoenix DUI and Criminal Defense Lawyers in Arizona
As soon as reasonably possible, following your arrest, you should retain representation of a private practice Phoenix DUI lawyer or Phoenix criminal defense attorney. A good Phoenix DUI lawyer, who defends Criminal and DUI charges on a regular basis, will act as a barrier between you and the Phoenix police/prosecution. An experienced criminal defense attorney will make sure your constitutional rights are protected; make sure you are treated fairly; be present during any interrogations in a more controlled environment to protect you from unfair questioning; object to or provide guidance on whether or not you are required to answer certain questions that may incriminate you or harm your defense; and begin tailoring and building a strong defense on your behalf. A good Phoenix criminal attorney or Phoenix DUI lawyer will make every effort to get your charges dismissed, in whole or in part, or reduced. Retaining an experienced Phoenix DUI attorney or criminal defense lawyer is by far, your best chance of getting your charges dismissed, or the otherwise best possible outcome in your case.

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Don’t Plead “Guilty” to a Chandler DUI or Criminal Charge before Consulting a Good Chandler DUI and Criminal Attorney… Good criminal defense attorneys may be able to use certain defenses that may lead to a dismissal of your charges.

Chandler DUI or Criminal Charge – Arraignments – What to Plea
Among other reasons, the primary reason for an Arraignment is to inform the court of how you wish to plea. It is never a good idea to plead guilty to any Arizona crime or DUI or criminal charge before consulting a DUI or criminal defense attorney. Arizona has some of the toughest DUI and criminal laws and penalties in the country. You should retain an experienced AZ DUI and criminal attorney to defend you. Good criminal defense attorneys may be able to use certain defenses that may lead to a reduction or dismissal of your criminal charges. In the least you should consult a Chandler DUI or Criminal defense lawyer to get information about your charges, consequences of a guilty plea and your defense options.

Criminal Court – Arraignment for Chandler AZ Charges
For Chandler criminal or DUI charges, you will be given a complaint at some point following your arrest (if in custody) or a summons will be delivered to you (if you are not in custody). It will contain information concerning location, date and time you are required to appear at criminal court for your Arraignment.
The court location for where you will be required to appear is generally determined by the nature of the charges, and jurisdiction where you were charged. Most felony arraignments are held in Arizona Superior Courts. Most misdemeanors are held in Arizona Justice Courts. However, some felonies can initially begin in a lower court such as Arizona justice courts.

Arraignment: “Failure to Appear”- Chandler DUI or criminal charges
If you have not retained a DUI or criminal defense firm, you must appear at the court location, date, and time designated. If you “fail to appear”, a warrant may be issued for your arrest under criminal code:

1) “A.R.S. 13-2506 in the second degree; classification” Failure to appear for Misdemeanor Charges;
2) “A.R.S. 13-2507 in the first degree; classification” Failure to appear for Felony Charges
If you have retained a Chandler DUI or criminal defense attorney, they will give you further instructions. In many cases your defense attorney can vacate the arraignment date, through alternative legal channels so you do not have to appear in person.

What Happens at an Arraignment in Criminal Court
At your arraignment 1) the Judge will confirm your address, identity; 2) explain your rights; 3) read your formal charges; 4) advise you of the potential range of penalties if convicted; 5) find out if you plan to retain a criminal defense attorney; 6) and how you wish to plead to the DUI or criminal charge(s).

Types of Pleas that You Can Entered at Your Arraignment
There are three possible pleas to a criminal or DUI charge:
“Not Guilty” – This means that you are denying guilt. In this case, the burden of proof is with prosecution to prove your guilt of the criminal charges against you. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.

“Guilty” – You admit or agreeing that you committed the act charged; that the act is prohibited by law; and that you have no legal defense for your act. The Chandler AZ Court judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. For felonies a future date and time will be set for your sentencing hearing.

“No Contest” – This means you are not admitting you are guilty; but that you also do not wish to challenge the charges or evidence at a trial; and you will accept the conviction, sentencing and punishments of the criminal charge. The judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. For felonies a future date and time will be set for your sentencing hearing.

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AZ Criminal Defense Lawyer | Felony | Misdemeanor | AZ DUI Defense

Q. What is the Difference between a Misdemeanor and Felony in Arizona?

A. The main differences between an Arizona Misdemeanor and Felony involve the severity and nature of the crime; and of the severity and nature of the penalties. Some differences include the following:

1) Felonies are usually more serious crimes than misdemeanors; Examples of felonies include such offenses as aggravated assault, homicide, sexual abuse or rape crimes, arson, aggravated DUI, kidnapping, illegal drug sales, drug smuggling, drug manufacturing, serious drug charges and more. Felony penalties are far more severe, and usually result in life long adverse consequences if convicted. Felonies usually carry a minimum sentence of 12 months or more; Felony Charges are classified from Class 1 to Class 6, with the least severe Class 6 and the most severe, categorized as Class 1 felonies. Class 1 felonies carry sentences that range from 25 years to life in prison or a death penalty. These are reserved for the most serious of charges such as homicide.

2) Misdemeanor charges are generally less serious. Examples include criminal trespassing, theft of property below a certain value, non-aggravated DUI, underage drinking, possession of drug paraphernalia, possession of Marijuana for personal use, and more. In addition to other penalties including fines, fees, costs, probation, and other punishments, they carry maximum jail sentences of less than one year;
Q. Does the Sentencing by the Judge differ with Felonies verses Misdemeanors?
A. Yes. If convicted of misdemeanor charges, the judge will usually make a determination of sentencing on the same day as the conviction of the guilty verdict, by trial or guilty plea by defendant.

For Arizona felony convictions, the judge usually requests a pre-sentence report to be completed and will schedule sentencing for generally 30 days or following the guilty verdict. You have the right to have your views included in the pre-sentence report. The defendant has the right to complete a Victim Impact Statement questionnaire or letter to be included in the pre-sentence report for the judge to review.

Q. Which Court will I need to go to if charged with a Felony or Misdemeanor in Arizona?
A. The court which a case will be heard should be documented on the complaint you received at the time you were charged, or following your arrest. It will include the name of the court, date, and time, for which you will be required to appear.

In general, Misdemeanor charges are usually handled in the Arizona Justice, Municipal or City Courts where the charges for issued. For example, if you live in Tempe Arizona, but you received a non-aggravated DUI charge in Phoenix AZ your case will be schedule for hearing in Phoenix Arizona.

Felony Charges in Arizona are usually handled in Superior court. However felony preliminary hearings can sometimes be held in the lower courts.

Q. Who Should I Hire to Defend Me for Felony for Arizona Misdemeanor Charges?
A. If you face either a criminal misdemeanor or felony charges, you should contact a licensed AZ DUI or AZ Criminal Defense Attorney as soon as possible. Most criminal lawyers defend both Felony and Misdemeanor DUI charges. Start with consulting an experienced criminal attorney who defends charges regularly in the city or jurisdiction where your received the charges. They will provide you with information concerning the charges and your defense options. Most criminal and DUI attorneys will provide you with a free consultation by phone or in person at their discretion.

Q. What Should I look for to find a good Felony or Misdemeanor Defense Lawyer?
A. In Arizona, both Felony and Misdemeanor Charges are serious. A good DUI & Criminal Defense Attorney should have years of DUI and criminal defense experience and a significant amount of trial experience. Many of the best criminal defense attorneys in Arizona are former prosecutors. This provides you with an advantage for your defense for many reasons: they are familiar with the courts, judges, prosecution, procedures, and the entire criminal justice processes. You want a DUI or criminal lawyer up to date on current laws and changing legislation in Arizona relating to criminal and DUI charges. Make sure your Attorney will be accessible and open to direct communication for answers to any and all questions you may have. A proven Arizona criminal lawyer will do everything possible to attempt to get your charges dismissed, reduced or the otherwise best outcome in your case.

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Don’t Plead “Guilty” to a Mesa DUI or Criminal Charge before Consulting a Good Mesa DUI and Criminal Defense Attorney. Experienced criminal lawyers may be able to use certain defenses that may lead to a dismissal of your charges.

Pleading Guilty verses Not Guilty to Mesa DUI or Criminal Charges
Among other reasons, the primary reason for an Arraignment is to inform the court of how you wish to plea. Among other reasons, the primary reason for an Arraignment is to inform the court of how you wish to plea.

You should not plead guilty to a Mesa DUI or criminal charge before consulting a DUI or criminal defense attorney. Arizona has some of the strictest DUI laws, criminal laws, and penalties for conviction in the USA. Your best chance at getting a good outcome in your matter is to retain a good AZ DUI or Mesa criminal lawyer to defend you. Experienced criminal defense attorneys know, and may be able to use certain defenses that may lead to a reduction or dismissal of your criminal charges. In the very least you should consult a Mesa DUI or Criminal defense lawyer to get information about your charges, consequences of a guilty plea and your defense options.

Arraignments in Criminal Court in Mesa AZ
For Mesa AZ criminal or DUI charges, you will be given a complaint at some point following your arrest (if in custody) or a summons will be delivered to you (if you are not in custody). It will contain information concerning location, date and time you are required to appear at criminal court for your Arraignment.

The court location for where you will need to appear is usually based on the nature of the charges, and jurisdiction where you were charged. Most felony arraignments are held in Superior Courts in Arizona. Most misdemeanors are held in Justice Courts in Arizona, such as Mesa Justice Court. However, some felonies can initially begin in the lower courts in Arizona.

“Failure to Appear” for Your Arraignment for Mesa Criminal Charges
If you have not retained a private DUI or criminal defense lawyer, you must appear at the criminal court location, date, and time as scheduled. If you “fail to appear”, a bench warrant may be issued for your arrest under Arizona Law as follows:
1) “A.R.S. 13-2506 in the second degree; classification” Failure to appear for Misdemeanor Charges;
2) “A.R.S. 13-2507 in the first degree; classification” Failure to appear for Felony Charges
If you have retained a Mesa DUI or criminal defense attorney, they will give you further instructions. In some cases, your Mesa criminal lawyer can vacate the arraignment date and providing the court with the required information on your behalf through alternative legal channels. In this event, you do not have to appear in person for the arraignment.

What Happens at an Arraignment in Criminal Court
Among other reasons, the primary purpose of your Arraignment is to inform the court of how you wish to plea to the Mesa criminal or DUI charges. You can also expect the some or all of the following events to happen as well: the court will also confirm your identity and current contact information; explain your rights; read your formal charges; advise you of the potential range of penalties if convicted; find out if you plan to retain a criminal defense attorney.

Types of Pleas that can be entered at an Arraignment
There are three possible pleas to a criminal or DUI charge:
“Not Guilty” – This means that you are denying guilt. In this case, the burden of proof is with prosecution to prove your guilt of the criminal charges against you. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.
“Guilty” – You admit or agreeing that you committed the act charged; that the act is prohibited by law; and that you have no legal defense for your act. The Mesa AZ Court judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. For Felony charges they will usually set a new date and time in the near future for a hearing concerning your sentencing.
“No Contest” – This means you are not admitting you are guilty; but that you also do not wish to challenge the charges or evidence at a trial; and you will accept the conviction, sentencing and punishments of the criminal charge. The judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. For Felony charges they will usually set a new date and time in the near future for a hearing concerning your sentencing.

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Don’t Plead “Guilty” to Scottsdale DUI or Criminal Charges Until Consulting a Good Scottsdale DUI Defense or Criminal Defense Lawyer. Experienced criminal & DUI attorneys may be able to use certain defenses, you are not aware of, that will lead to a dismissal of your charges.

Arraignments: Pleading guilty or “not guilty” to Scottsdale DUI or Criminal Charges
Among other reasons, the primary purpose of an Arraignment in criminal court is for you to inform the court on how you wish to “plea” in your Scottsdale Dui or Criminal Charges. It is never a good idea to enter a guilty plea for Scottsdale DUI or criminal charges before consulting a DUI or criminal attorney who defends Scottsdale DUI and criminal charges. No matter how serious the DUI or criminal charge, you should not waive this important right. By law you still have the right to defend and challenge the charges. With retention of a qualified DUI or Criminal Lawyer in Scottsdale defending you, the chances of getting a good outcome in your case increase significantly. Experienced criminal defense and Scottsdale DUI lawyers may be able to utilize certain defenses that will lead to a reduction or dismissal of your criminal charges. In the very least you should consult a Scottsdale DUI or Criminal defense lawyer to discuss your charges and defense options.

Arraignment Locations for Criminal Court for Scottsdale DUI or Criminal Charges

Following your arrest or detention in Scottsdale for criminal or DUI charges, you will be given a complaint (if you are still in custody) or a summons will be delivered to you (if you are not in custody) It should include the location, date and time you will be required to appear for your Arraignment in criminal court. The court where you will be required to appear is usually based on the nature of the charges (felony or misdemeanor), and jurisdiction where you were charged. Most felony arraignments are held in Superior Courts in Arizona. Most misdemeanors are held in Justice Courts in Arizona, such as Scottsdale Justice Court. However, some felonies can initially begin in the lower courts in Arizona.

Consequences for “Failure to Appear” for your Arraignment for Scottsdale DUI or Criminal Charges

If you have not retained a private DUI or criminal defense lawyer, you must appear at the criminal court location, date, and time scheduled. Be sure you are there early. If you fail to appear, a bench warrant may be issued for your arrest by the criminal court Judge, by authority of Arizona Law:

1) “A.R.S. 13-2506 in the second degree; classification” Failure to appear for Misdemeanor Charges;
2) “A.R.S. 13-2507 in the first degree; classification” Failure to appear for Felony Charges
If you have retained a Scottsdale DUI or criminal defense firm, they will give you further instructions. In some cases, your Scottsdale criminal defense lawyer or DUI attorney can vacate the arraignment date and provide what the court needs through alternative legal channels. In that case, you would be advised by your attorney that you need not be present for the arraignment in court. You should contact him or her to confirm the need for you to appear or not to be present, if you are unsure.

What Happens at the Arraignment in Criminal Court
Among other reasons, the primary purpose of your Arraignment is to advise the court of how you wish to plea the crime that you have been accused of committing in Scottsdale AZ. You can also expect the some or all of the following events to happen: the court will confirm your identity, current address and other contact information; explain your rights; read your formal charges; advise you of the potential range of penalties if convicted; find your intent of retaining or not being represented by a criminal defense attorney for your Scottsdale DUI or criminal charges.

Types of Pleas that can be Entered at an Arraignment

There are three possible pleas to a criminal or DUI charge:

“Not Guilty” – This means that you are denying guilt. In this case, the burden of proof is with prosecution to prove your guilt of the criminal charges against you. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.

“Guilty” – You admit or agreeing that you committed the act charged; that the act is prohibited by law; and that you have no legal defense for your act. The Scottsdale AZ Court judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.

“No Contest” – This means you are not admitting you are guilty; but that you also do not wish to challenge the charges or evidence at a trial; and you will accept the conviction, sentencing and punishments of the criminal charge. The judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.

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Don’t Plead “Guilty” to DUI or Criminal Charge before Consulting a Good DUI and Criminal Attorney who defends Tempe AZ DUI and Criminal Charges
Guilty verses Not Guilty plea to Tempe DUI or Criminal Charges
Among other reasons, the primary purpose of an Arraignment in criminal court is for you to inform the court on how you wish to “plea”. It is never a good idea to plead guilty to any Arizona crime or DUI or criminal charge before consulting a DUI or criminal defense attorney. Arizona has some of the toughest DUI and criminal laws and penalties in the country. You should retain an experienced Arizona DUI and criminal attorney to defend you. Good criminal defense attorneys may be able to use certain defenses that you were not aware of. These defenses may lead to a reduction or dismissal of your DUI or criminal charges. In the least you should consult a Tempe Criminal or DUI lawyer to discuss your charges, consequences of a guilty plea and your defense options.

Arizona Criminal Court – Arraignment Location
With regard to Tempe criminal or DUI charges, you will be given a complaint (if you are in custody or delivered a summons (if you are not in custody). This document will provide instructions for your Arraignment location, date and time you are required to appear in court for your Arraignment.

The court location for which you are required to appear is generally determined by the nature of the charges, and jurisdiction where you were charged. Most felony arraignments are held in Arizona Superior Courts. Most misdemeanors are held in Arizona Justice Courts. However, some felonies can initially begin in a lower court such as Arizona justice courts. Each city has its designated criminal courts for felony arraignments and misdemeanor arraignments will be heard.

Criminal or DUI Arraignment in Tempe
With regard to your Arraignment, If you have not retained a DUI or criminal defense lawyer, you must appear at the court location, date, and time scheduled. If you fail to appear, a bench warrant may be issued for your arrest under criminal code:
1) “A.R.S. 13-2506 in the second degree; classification” Failure to appear for Misdemeanor Charges;
2) “A.R.S. 13-2507 in the first degree; classification” Failure to appear for Felony Charges
If you have retained a Tempe DUI or criminal attorney, they will give you further instructions about whether or not you need to appear for the arraignment on the pre-scheduled date. In many cases your defense attorney can vacate the arraignment date, through alternative legal channels so you do not have to appear in person.

What Happens at an Arraignment in a Tempe Criminal Courts
Among other reasons, the primary purpose of your Arraignment is to advise the court of how you wish to plea to the criminal or DUI charges. You can also expect the some or all of the following items to take place: the court will also confirm your identity and current contact information; explain your rights; read your formal charges; advise you of the potential range of penalties if convicted; find out if you plan to retain a criminal defense attorney.

Types of Pleas that can be Entered into at Your Arraignment
There are three possible pleas to a criminal charge:
“Not Guilty” – This means that you are denying guilt. In this case, the burden of proof is with prosecution to prove your guilt of the criminal charges against you. If you enter a plea of not guilty on your arraignment date, the Judge will set your case for either a pre-trial conference or a formal trial date.

“Guilty” – You admit that you committed the act charged in the complaint(s)l that the act is prohibited by law; and that you have no legal defense for your act. For Misdemeanor charges, the Tempe AZ Court judge will usually proceed with your sentencing at this time. For Felony charges they will usually set a new date and time in the near future for a hearing concerning your sentencing.

“No Contest” – This means you are not admitting you are guilty; but that you also do not wish to challenge the charges or evidence at a trial; and you will accept the conviction, sentencing and punishments of the criminal charge. The judge will proceed with your sentencing at this time. For felonies a new hearing for sentencing will be scheduled.

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How Top Rated Gilbert AZ Criminal Defense Attorneys Get Your Release Conditions Modified (Pre-trial)

After your Gilbert AZ DUI or Criminal arrest and detention you will be required to have an initial appearance before the Gilbert Court Judge. The judge will read you your rights, formal charges, and advise you of your pre-trial release conditions. The primary purposes of court in setting release conditions is to 1) secure a defendant’s appearance for future court dates or trial, 2) and to make sure the defendant’s release does not pose a threat or harm to others in the community.

The Gilbert AZ Court takes into account many factors in making this decision including classification of the charge such as a misdemeanor or felony; severity and nature of the charges; if the charges involved a violent crime; your past criminal record if any; whether or not you are a potential “flight risk”; along with other standard release conditions and factors.

The release conditions should be commensurate with the criminal charge. The release conditions should not be unjust, or unreasonable based on what offense you are accused of committing. For example, if a financially burdened defendant, with no prior criminal record was arrested for stealing a loaf of bread, without any weapons or threat of harm to anyone in the store, it would be outrageous for the judge to require him to post a $500,000.00 bail bond in order to be released from custody. If the release conditions seem overly harsh, unreasonable, financially unobtainable, or burdensome, your will need to retain an Arizona criminal defense attorney.

A good criminal defense attorney who defends charges regularly in Gilbert AZ court will immediately file a motion to request modification of your pre-trial release conditions. This can be done immediately while you are in custody. Either you or someone on your behalf can consult a Gilbert criminal defense lawyer to discuss the charges, defense options, and services your Attorney can provide involving a request to modify your pre-trial release conditions from custody in Gilbert AZ. This service by your private attorney is usually done as part of the entire retention and formal defense process.

Modifications of release conditions requested by your criminal attorney will depend upon on the initial release conditions were ordered by the judge, the crime you are being accused of committing, and other factors. Some modifications your Gilbert Criminal Attorney may request include but are not limited to lowering the bail bond to a reasonable amount; allowing you to be released on your own recognizance; allow an appearance bail, or allow you to be released to another responsible entity’s custody, home confinement with ankle bracelet security, and other more favorable conditions than initially ordered by the Gilbert Court Judge.

When you meet with the Criminal Defense Attorney who will be defending your criminal charges and requesting modification of your release conditions, be sure you communicate in detail your concerns about the initial orders and how they will impact you, your family, your job, your financial situation.

Your Gilbert criminal defense attorney will immediately formulate compelling arguments and file the appropriate motions with the Gilbert court on your behalf. Your chances of getting your pre-trial release conditions modified with the retention of a good private practice criminal attorney who defends charges in Gilbert frequently significantly increase for your to get your release conditions modified to be more reasonable and in your favor.

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“No Probable Cause to Arrest”

If the Phoenix police did not have “probable Cause to Arrest” the arrest was unlawful. An illegal arrest can lead to a dismissal of your Criminal or DUI charges
If you are arrested in Phoenix AZ for a DUI or Criminal charge, an experienced Phoenix DUI or Criminal Defense Attorney will tell you that the burden of proof is shifted to the police to justify probable cause. This standard is a higher level, or more difficult to achieve, than that of t and more strict than “reasonable suspicion” to stop, as for example in the case of an AZ DUI stop. You should consult an Arizona criminal defense or DUI attorney as soon as possible to discuss your options and defenses.

If it is determined that no probable cause existed for your Phoenix Arizona Arrest then the arrest was in violation of your constitutional rights, the DUI or criminal charges resulted from an unlawful arrest and should dismissed. This constitutional right is part of the Fourth Amendment of The United States Constitution. This defense is used frequently in the case of “search and seizures” of property or person related to drug, alcohol, or other suspected criminal activity by the police.

If you hire a good criminal defense or DUI attorney who practices frequently in Phoenix AZ, they will immediately begin to gather and examine evidence on your case. If the attorney finds feels there was no justifiable “Probable Cause to Arrest” you, then an evidentiary hearing will be requested to challenge this critical weakness by the Prosecution. Sometimes the evidence the officer used is of a subjective nature making it more easily challenged. The prosecution will generally argue its case at that time for the state. If necessary your criminal defense attorney or DUI lawyer will draft and file a motion to dismiss your charges completely for prior to your DUI or criminal charge arrest Put simply, if the judge rules there was “no probable cause for arrest”, then any and events that occurred after then is to be considered irrelevant. This usually leads to a case dismissal of the charges.

Good Phoenix Criminal Attorney never underestimates the power details you provide and identifies crucial defenses on your behalf from many of those details. Make sure you hire a Criminal Defense Attorney who practices frequently in Phoenix Arizona, who has a great amount of defense and litigation experience, and with whom you have an open and frequent line of communication. The sum of these factors can lead you to a total case dismissal, reduction of charges or the best possible outcome in your case.

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